Military History

Texas has a unique military history reflecting its stages of growth and the governments that have contributed to its development. The Texas Historical Commission (THC) recognizes the importance of this heritage by supporting efforts to preserve historically important military sites.

The Military Sites Program (Military History) was developed to help provide the proper tools and support for these special places in Texas history. Since 1997, the program has conducted multiple long-term projects to increase the documentation and interpretation of the state's military history. These programs include: the Texas in World War II Initiative, the Texas Sesquicentennial of the American Civil War Initiative, the Texas Civil War Monuments Fund, and a national award winning oral history training workshop series. In the course of these projects, the Military History program has researched and produced mulitple travel brochures that highlight Texas' military sites.

Vietnam-era prototype armored river landing craftAn ongoing project for the Military History Program has been an effort to extensively research, document, and produce onsite interpretation and online materials detailing the historic context of Department of Justice and U.S. Army internment camps that held Japanese and German Americans; Japanese, German, and Italian Enemy Aliens; and Latin American internees of the aforementioned ancestory at five sites in Texas during World War II. Please explore the undertold history of these confinement camps by clicking on links on the righthand side of this webpage.

Following World War II, in small and large Texas towns alike, many feared nuclear annihilation and grappled with the need to build a bomb shelter in the back yard during the Arms Race. Learn more about Texas in the Cold War, an oral history training workshop series.

In 2017, the Texas centennial of the First World War will be observed across the state. The THC is currently working on centennial commemoration ideas. Check back in the future for more details.

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Oral History Training Workshops conducted

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What's New

Glorieta Pass Battleground (New Mexico)

Civil War monument

The Civil War Trust helps the THC with the latest monument project.

More About Glorieta Pass Battleground (New Mexico)

Crystal City (Family) Internment Camp

Crystal City, city council meeting

The first such site in Texas, listed on the National Register of Historic Places

More About Crystal City (Family) Internment Camp