The Descendants of Austin's Old 300

Three people standing behind granite bench engraved with "Austin's Old 300"

By Bethanie DePalermo, San Felipe de Austin Staff

A striking pink granite bench with the simple inscription, “Austin’s Old 300,” sits under an oak tree at San Felipe de Austin State Historic Site. The bench itself provokes questions from visitors and creates an interpretive opportunity for staff and volunteers. Guests are surprised and intrigued to learn that descendants from Austin’s original settlers are organized and active in a genealogical organization called “The Descendants of Austin’s Old 300."

The title Old 300 refers to the settlers who received land grants as part of Stephen F. Austin’s first colonial contract in Mexican Texas. These families had come from the Trans-Appalachian South and were virtually all of British ancestry, many of whom already had substantial means before their arrival. The actual number of grantees, excluding Austin’s personal grant, totaled 297, but the Old 300 name has stuck nonetheless.

Descendants stand in front of SFA monumentIn 1828, Stephen F. Austin created an administrative record of these early land grants. This handwritten book is called the Registro, and a digital copy of it is kept at San Felipe de Austin (the original is held in the collection of the Texas General Land Office in Austin). After noticing the benches, many guests inquire about the Old 300 and want to know more about where these families settled.

The Registro is an excellent resource that shows visitors the administrative copies of these early grants. The gift shop at San Felipe de Austin also carries the current collection of biographical sketches of many of the Old 300 settlers. This volume includes modern county maps to help visitors visualize and understand where these grants were located.

Descendants gather for a meeting on the lawn

The Descendants of Austin's Old 300 held its first meeting on June 27, 1987 at the Stephen F. Austin State Park in San Felipe, underneath the oak tree where the bench now sits. Their main objective was, and still is, to inspire current and succeeding generations to preserve memories of the spirit, courage, and character of the men and women who came to Texas as part of Stephen F. Austin's first colony. This is the reason the organization has donated the benches at San Felipe de Austin and at Freedom Park in West Columbia.

Fred Strauss, the current president, along with Tommy Shelton, current second vice president, searched and located benches made of similar granite as the Marble Falls pink granite statue of Stephen F. Austin. The organization, with members in 26 states, supports the activities and interests of San Felipe de Austin because this is where their ancestors received land grants from Stephen F. Austin beginning in 1824. Members are excited to see recent improvements and anxious to help share this compelling story of Texas history with generations to come.

San Felipe de Austin is located in south-central Texas, approximately 50 miles west of Houston. The site is part of the Texas Independence Trail Region.

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My sister has two foster children who are descendants of Sylvanus Castleman. Brooke Washington is 16 and Riley Washington is 17. There father is Kevin Washington son of Travis Washington and Wanda Nell Bailey ( living her name is Wanda Meeh lives in Texas 806-400-2981. She is the daughter of Hallie Marie Wooley Bailey she was the daughter of William Elijah Wooley and Dollie Harris and Dollie Harris is the daughter of Doc Harris and Matilda Chesney. Matilda Chesney is the daughter of Elizabeth Castleman who is the daughter of Sylvanus Castleman. The children live in Rock Island, Le Flore County, Oklahoma. Brooke wants to become a Doctor.

My dad's grandmother, Sophronia Castleman Jones, was the granddaughter of Sylvanus and Sophronia Castleman.
I live in Wimberley, Texas. I have traced my ancestry quite a bit, have a cousin who has "warehouses" ha! full of research. Danny

My husband is also a 5th great grandchild of Sylvanus Castleman through his daughter Lavinia.

Tobin, id be interested in connecting and learning what info you have, I'm also a descendant of James Hope, Thomas Gay and chriesman

I only found this site today. Prosper Hope was one of great great grandfathers. Found an obit today that had mentioned the old three hundred. Had not come across it in the genealogy work I had done. I would really like to know more.

Hi I am a 4th grade student at Madison,Monroe school 16 in Elizabeth nj, i was born in Vineland NJ but moved up here in the summer before i started 1st grade. Yes i am country girl as well... i am doing a report on the beautiful state of Texas but i just cant seem to find where your descendants come from if you can figure out email me at

My dad always said that his family came to Texas with Austins first group. Unfortunately the court house records burned in Limestone. I am trying to track back from Katherine Clark. Does anyone have a suggestion of how to get beyond the burned records?

I am a direct descendent of one of the Missouri Alley's who were part of the Old 300. I would like more info regarding the application process. How do I go about getting a word version of the application?

Melanie Alley

Do you have any info on Harmon Hensley? I can see where he married there during that time but do not see his name on the list I have found.

I am a descendant of Harmon Hensley. Info that I have show that he lived and may have been born in Sumner Co. Tenn in 1730.
I do know positively that was living there in the late 1700's as there is a court record there and this is where he apparently was married to Becky Meekly. Also that he was involved when they divided Sumner co. Due to its being too large for government.
I am interested in finding where he is buried if possible.
Ironically, my family lived in Sumner Co. tenn for about 12 years, but I didn't know till later we may have walked the same ground!zreac


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