A Historic Resources Survey is a systematic method of documenting historic resources through fieldwork and research. Each historic resource is documented with photographs, maps, and a written description on a form. Undertaking a survey to identify historic resources acknowledges that these resources have value to the community and future generations. Historic resources provide character, continuity and a sense of uniqueness to the community. Survey is fundamental to historic preservation because it results in the identification of historic resources, helps determine which of those resources should be preserved and can be essential in shaping local ordinances, guidelines or downtown master plans to protect these resources. The purpose of completing a local survey is to gather the information needed to plan for the wise use of a community’s resources.
Historic resources are districts, sites, buildings, structures and objects that are significant in American history, architecture, archeology, engineering and culture.